Small Business Hazardous Waste

A CESQG can be a large industrial manufacturer or a small shop. CESQG status is achieved by producing less than 100 kgs. (220 lbs.) of hazardous waste per month, including a maximum of 1 kg. (2.2 lbs.) of acutely hazardous waste. If a business generates more than this amount, they are required by law to use a licensed hazardous waste hauler to manifest and transport their waste.

Hazardous waste can be one of two types:

Listed waste – Your waste is considered hazardous if it appears on one of four lists published in the Code of Federal Regulations (40 CFR Part 261). Currently more than 400 wastes are listed as hazardous because they are known to be harmful to human health and the environment when not managed properly. Even when managed properly, some listed wastes are so dangerous that they are called acutely hazardous wastes. Examples of acutely hazardous wastes include wastes generated from some pesticides that can be fatal to humans even at low doses.

Characteristic wastes – If your waste does not appear on one of the hazardous waste lists, it still might be considered hazardous if it demonstrates one or more of the following characteristics:

• It is ignitable under certain conditions. Examples are paints and certain degreasers and solvents.
• It is a known corrosive. Examples are rust removers, acid or alkaline cleaning fluids, and battery acids.
• It is unstable and explodes, or produces toxic fumes, gases, and vapors when mixed with water or under other conditions, such as heat or pressure. Examples are certain cyanides or sulfide-bearing wastes.
• It is harmful or fatal when ingested or absorbed, or it leaches toxic chemicals into the soil or groundwater when disposed of on land. Examples are wastes that contain high concentrations of heavy metals, such as cadmium, lead or mercury.

Caution should be taken when transporting hazardous material. If possible, use the original product container, or label the container if the contents are different than listed. Do not mix materials! All containers should have securely fitting lids and be packed upright in a leak-proof box. Material Safety Data Sheets or any other information about the material (e.g. how it is used) should be provided.

The District’s role is to assist people in waste reduction and change the habits of how they manage their waste stream. Our mission is to be technical assistants, not regulators. We help companies explore options and reduce the waste stream. Not only does this help the environment by saving valuable resources, energy and landfill space, but it can lower disposal cost as well.

Have you ever really looked at the trash under your desk at work? Those wadded up pieces of paper, soft drink cans, used supplies and assorted paraphernalia – where does it all go? Unfortunately, unless it is removed for recycling (and more than 85% of desk side trash is recyclable), it goes to the landfill, where it slowly decays over a number of years. This is where the Marshall County Solid Waste District/Recycle Depot comes to the rescue.

Waste Exchange:
Industries can list would-be waste materials in the Recycle Depot’s materials exchange program. These materials can be a potential feedstock for another industry, as well as a potential source of revenue for the industry generating the material. The Recycle Depot waste exchange program has information on wanted and available materials throughout this region of the U.S. Please contact the Marshall County Solid Waste/Recycle Depot for more information.

The Marshall County Solid Waste District/Recycle Depot is limited in its ability to assist businesses with their hazardous waste disposal needs. A business must qualify as a Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity Generator (CESQG) to participate in the District’s program.